A Brief Guide To Pregnancy

A lot of women have no trouble getting pregnant. However there are some women that do have difficulty getting pregnant. For any woman who is having such a difficulty, they should know a few facts about pregnancy – that there are a few very likely reasons why they’re having problems conceiving. These are all very important to consider before assuming that there is a serious fertility problem.

One likely reason is that you’re just not having intercourse with your partner at the right times. A woman must know when she’s ovulating, if she wants to stand the best chances of getting pregnant. Of course there are those people who seem to have intercourse just a few times and end up pregnant, but for most women they must be right on track and having sex at the exact times of ovulation. It can be a bit challenging for women to determine when they’re ovulating, as the cycle can be so different from one woman to the next.

The average woman has a cycle that lasts 28 days which means that around the 28 day mark she will be ovulating. Ovulation typically takes place around two weeks after the first day of a woman’s menstrual cycle. If you follow this rule chances are you can get pregnant, unless your cycle is out of whack and in this case you may need to talk to your doctor. Or if you’re wondering “why can’t I get pregnant?”, know that if you or your partner are unhealthy, this may be causing you problems.

There may be other factors at play for any woman who is having trouble conceiving. This doesn’t mean that you will never get pregnant if you have ever smoked, but if you are a smoker you are greatly reducing your chances of conceiving. You should plan to kick the habit anyway if you’re trying to conceive. Age is another common contributing factor to fertility problems in women.
If you’re wondering “why can’t I get pregnant?”, consider the age that you’re trying to have a child at and some basic facts about pregnancy. By the time a woman hits the age of thirty, the number of eggs in her body has dropped by at least half and so it’s going to be that much more challenging for her to get pregnant. The risks of birth defects and other problems increase as a woman ages too. This is something that no woman wants to have to go through, but there are so many different ways to improve fertility these days that you should stay positive and hopeful.

Pregnancy Test

One of the biggest questions that a woman thinks about and finds answer to is am I pregnant? There are many ways through which it is possible to detect pregnancy these days for example, there are many pregnancy test calculators that help you determine if you are pregnant or not. The pregnancy test calculator is also available with many websites over the internet these days where one will have to fill up the details to know the answer to their question and you may get to know the situation. In this, one has to give the following details:

  • After how many days do you usually get your period?
  • You will have to tell the first date of the last normal period.
  • Then, tell them the date when you were expecting to conceive.
  • Also, you will have to tell them if you had any act of intercourse during that month.
  • Lastly, you will be asked to fill a reference calendar of the last month, current month and the next month and mention the dates of periods and some other details.

Basal Body Temperature Monitoring

This method is very easy and any woman can monitor her basal body temperature. It is also the cheapest as well as non invasive method to determine about your ovulation pattern. For this you have to take your body temperature as soon as you wake up in the morning, before even getting out of the bed. Also you need a special thermometer known as basal thermometer that can measure even the slightest change in temperature. Not all thermometers are good, so be sure you buy the best basal thermometer for accurate reading. Charting basal body temperature is very straight forward. You need to plot your basal body temperature each morning on a chart. What you are looking for is to see a shift of at least .4 degrees Fahrenheit after ovulation making your chart biphasic. The type of chart you use is a matter of personal preference. Your fertility is highest during the two days before ovulation and the day it occurs, but your basal body temperature changes 12 to 24 hours after ovulation. All that matters is that you have one place to record your daily temperature, so that you can spot the fluctuating temperature patters that occur during your cycle.

After filling all the above listed details, you will get to know as to when you should go for the pregnancy test with the doctor.

If you wish to check if you are pregnant or not while sitting at home then, in the market, there are various pregnancy test calculators available that one can buy and clear all the doubts. While choosing the pregnancy test calculator, one should go for a high quality multiple test calculators that can be used for several days if one does not get to know the result on the first day. The pregnancy test calculator is easy to use and operate but make sure that you read all the instructions very carefully so that you do not come across any complication during the test. Make sure that you have everything in hand prior you start the test.

The presence of hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (Hcg) in first morning urine (FMU). It is highly recommended that one should go for the test on the morning of one’s period or one day or two days prior to it. The pregnancy test calculator has two windows in it. In control window the result is shown while in testing window you will get to know if the test is working properly or not. You must know that the appearance of a line in the control window shows positive result that is you are pregnant and vice versa.

The pregnancy test calculator will help you to determine the date when you should go for the pregnancy test and visit the doctor. If you opt for the pregnancy test that can be done at home, it will tell you if you are pregnant or not by calculating the hcg count in your FMU. Make sure that you do no enter any false details in the pregnancy test calculator and while performing the pregnancy test at home, keep in mind the procedure and then go for it.

Styling Your Hair With A Hair Dryer

Everyone loves the way their hair looks when they leave the salon. Blow drying your hair. Use a hair dryer to dry your toothbrush, loofa, sponge etc. before packing them for a trip. ow many times do you wake up in the morning and want to do something different with your hair? A stylist always knows how to use a hair dryer to give your hair plenty of shine, volume and style.

How to style your hair with hair dryer

It’s one of those things you probably do (and do often), but not The Right Way, and you know it. For babies with diaper rash, use a hair dryer on the cool setting to get the baby completely dry before putting a diaper on. But once again you hit the snooze, run out of time, and always end up doing the same thing—low ponytail, straight but flat, or absolutely nothing. You can re-create salon-quality hair with the right hair dryer and hair styling techniques. If you’re anything like us, you’re more of a blast-it-indiscriminately-until-it’s-not-wet-anymore kind of gal…which, let’s face it, isn’t really cutting it.

hair styling
The sound of a hair dryer on low is also great for soothing babies to sleep! Worry no more, friends! Depending on your hair texture and the look you want to achieve, the best blow dryer for your hair can improve your style and give you the look you want. So what is the proper way to blowdry your hair? Blow dry pets after a bath or playtime in water or snow! You can check out some good hair dryers in India here. A hair dryer is a very useful tool and should be used carefully.
Popular style bloggers Julia Engel from Gal Meets Glam and Amanda Holstein from Advice from a Twenty-Something have put together a short series of 10 different hair styles—5 for long hair and 5 for short hair—to freshen up your morning routine and introduce something new. You will have that salon look every day when you invest in a professional hair dryer and get the hang of salon-grade hair care.”The bigger the brush, the smoother the hair,” Cutler says. We talked to Redken celebrity stylist Rodney Cutler, whose clients include Emma Watson, Jamie King, and Fergie, for his secret to the best at-home, everyday blowout. If your dog has played in the snow, a hair dryer is also great for melting ice crystals on fur or between paw pads. Some take 20 seconds and few take a bit longer, but all of these looks can be completed in less than 10 minutes.

Uses of hair dryers

If you have a round brush that features metal in the middle, or a metal core, it can certainly provide a smoother look—but it also heats up like an iron, so remember to keep drying time to a minimum since it is more damaging. And this is going to change everything. My boxer, Milo, absolutely loves the warm air of the hair dryer. Perfect for when you’re running late in the morning. And if you have coarse hair or are prone to flyaways?
A lot of women start with sopping wet hair,” says Cutler. “Your hair should be 60-to-65 percent dry before you even start to blowdry with a brush.” Cutler explains that it’s less damaging to your hair if you pre-dry. “Towel dry, then blow dry using only your hands for a bit, then use a brush—starting at the roots. A hair dryer can make dusting much quicker! All you need are some bobby pins, a brush or comb, and hair spray to calm fly-aways! It’s better to skip those altogether for a traditional boar or nylon bristle brush, as the ones with metal tend to not have as many bristles and therefore don’t provide as much tension for a smooth “pull.”Brush, dry, run? Many women who use a brush end up wrapping the hair around it and blasting it with heat.

blow dryer in India 2016
Especially with hard to dust items like lamp shades, intricate wood work, real and artificial plants, artwork, behind furniture, hard to reach corners high shelves, chandeliers, ceiling fans, etc. If your hair is limp and a bit flat post-gym, pull strands into a high, super-tight ponytail and secure with an elastic. Stop! “Letting your hair cool down on the brush before moving on to the next section will make your style longer lasting,” says Cutler. “It will actually set it.” Translation? Which is apparently not only a no, but it actually takes so much longer than doing it the right way. “Put your round brush in at the roots, roll the brush down to the ends then take it back up to the roots, concentrating your blowdryer on that area and your hairline first.” By the time your roots and your hair midway down is dry, your ends should be pretty close. “Then start to roll the ends on the brush and finish drying.”When it comes to applying product, we can be like kindergartners in finger-painting class. Then simply vacuum dust off the floor.
You can use water or even a dab of body lotion to help pull back your hair and get it super-sleek, says Capri. Unless you want to do this process again tomorrow, just chill and let your hair cool down on that brush, girl. The idea is to use them sparingly, the right way, and in the right place. “If you’re going for volume, you want to concentrate product at the roots—since putting the products on your ends will pull your hair down.” (Ahem, noted.) And if you’re a hairspray fanatic? “When women get the style they want, they think it’s time to hammer it with hairspray. Use a hotel hair dryer to heat up leftover food for breakfast when you don’t have access to a kitchen or microwave. Section the tail into two pieces and cross them around the base of the elastic to create a bun and secure with pins.
It’s that one thing that makes your post-salon hair so much better. First, you need to spray it from a distance which will allow for even distribution,” says Cutler. “And keep it to a light spray—a close, heavy spray means that it actually builds up in one area, and your look will collapse.”Choose the right hair dryer. Use a hair dryer to melt wax off furniture. Leave an inch or two of your ends hanging out, and twist them so the tips face outward and upward. Use quality products.

Choosing The Right Hair Dryer

A blow dryer with attachments is ideal, giving you a range of tools for hair styling. This method is similar to this post on getting candle wax out of carpet. From frizz to flyaways and just blah, lifeless strands, we have the pro tricks and product essentials that can make all of your annoying styling concerns disappear. The best blow dryer might not always be enough to give you the look you want. Professional hair dryers such as ionic hair dryers and ceramic hair dryers offer technology that can help restore shine and protect hair.

hair dryer in india
Heat the wax with the hair dryer and then wipe off with a damp cloth. Whether it’s deep and to the side, straight down the middle, or running in a zig-zag pattern (as seen on Julianne Hough here), a deliberate part can add a lot of drama to a look, says Capri. Using shampoo and conditioner that cater to your specific hair type can help protect your hair and give you the results you desire. Ionic hair dryers are perfect for individuals looking to combat frizz, and ceramic hair dryers give men and women a gentle hair care option. You can use the same method to melt wax off candlesticks, votives, and other candle holders.
To score a low bun like this, use a rat tail comb to create a zig-zag part along the center of the head. “You’re going for a basket weave effect,” says Capri. A leave-in conditioner is a good option for lighter conditioning or adding additional conditioner post-shower. A range of heat settings can also give you the styling options you desire. In frigid temperatures, use a hair dryer to warm up chilly sheets before you get in bed. Then smooth your hair down around your head and tie it all together at the base of your neck into a little knot.

Features to look in hair dryer

Using styling products made specifically for blow-drying can also protect your hair from heat damage. Choose a blow dryer that is versatile for the best results. A hair dryer can help to remove labels from bottles, contact paper from drawers and shelves, bumper stickers from cars etc. This ‘do isn’t about making sure every piece is in place, but instead sculpting a perfectly undone braid. “It needs to have that I-did-it-myself look,” McMillan explains. Dry your hair in a room with little humidity.
Use professional hair-drying techniques. Remove a bandage pain free by heating it up for a few seconds with a hair dryer to soften the adhesive. To start, he says, “take about two-thirds of the top of the hair and split it in three.” As you’re creating the French braid there is no need to worry if pieces fall out of the braid. If you try to blow-dry your hair in a humid bathroom after a shower, you increase the risk of frizz or heat damage. Hair stylists typically partially blow-dry hair all over to reduce moisture and then use styling tools to straighten and add volume. Quickly defrost frozen veggies with a blast from a hair dryer. Allowing the loose strands to frame the face is what really makes this style look carefree. Prop open the bathroom door prior to drying for a more effective blow dry. A round brush can help you flip the ends of your hair while a paddle brush works well for stick-straight styles. Use a hair dryer to quickly dry tights and panty hose when you’re in a hurry.
Once you reach the end of the braid, “curl it under, take bobby pins, and pin it up.” Be sure to press play at the top to see exactly how it’s done. Air-conditioners and dehumidifiers can help reduce environmental humidity. A concentrator nozzle helps direct the heat for more precise styling. A hair dryer can remove water rings on wood furniture. Some people can blow-dry their hair and head out the door without additional styling.
A diffuser attachment is perfect for drying curly hair without promoting frizz. You’ll want to put the nozzle attachment on your dryer and turn it on the cool setting. If you aren’t quite happy with your hair after blow drying, however, you can use a few techniques and products to achieve salon-quality styling. Dry your hair in sections. Point the dryer at the ring and increase the heat after after a few seconds.

Types of hair dryer

Flat irons are wonderful for smoothing and shaping your hair. Drying your hair in sections helps to get every bit of hair completely dry and smooth. Continue to blow warm air until the stain is gone. You can iron all of your hair or just the most unruly sections. You can divide your hair into sections using clips or hair ties and then brush each section of hair while blow-drying.
Quickly de-fog your bathroom mirror after a hot shower. Serum and wax can help to smooth and shape your hair and keep it looking good all day. Individuals with curly hair can also benefit from drying their hair in sections, with or without a diffuser. Get a custom fit on cheap plastic glasses with a hair dryer! Dry your hair in sections.
Heat the ends of the glasses until the plastic is pliable. Drying your hair in sections helps to get every bit of hair completely dry and smooth. Put the glasses on and the frames will adjust to your head shape. You can divide your hair into sections using clips or hair ties and then brush each section of hair while blow-drying. Heat up the sides of a springform pan to easily remove cheesecake.

Ionic hair dryer

Individuals with curly hair can also benefit from drying their hair in sections, with or without a diffuser. You can use the same method to get a cake out of a wax paper-lined pan. Blast your eyelash curler with a warm air for a few seconds before curling your lashes. It’s like using a curling iron on your lashes! Just make sure to test the curler on your hand before using it to make sure it’s not too hot for your eyelids.  After washing out salt and pepper shakers, dry the insides with a hair dryer so that the condiments don’t get lumpy in the damp shakers. Remove crayon marks from walls. Since crayons are made of wax, heating wall scribbles up with a hair dryer will allow you to wipe away the marks. If your glass dishes get hard water spots, wet them slightly with a damp cloth. Then use a hair dryer to quickly dry them.

ceramic hair dryer

How about making some cool crayon art with your kids? Get the instructions over on Artistic Junkie. Use a hair dryer to soften a bar of chocolate a bit before shaving off slivers. You can also completely melt chocolate with a hair dryer! Break chocolate into small pieces and place in a bowl.  Turn the hair dryer on high and hold 8 to 10 inches from the chocolate. Stir the chocolate occasionally until completely melted. A little heat from a hair dryer can give cake frosting a glossy, professional look! Blow warm air on the frosting until it just starts to melt, then let it cool. Use the same method on shoes!
After polishing leather shoes, blow them with a bit of warm air to create a high gloss shine. When pieces of meat get stuck together in the freezer, use a hair dryer to warm them up just enough to pull them apart. Dry salad greens with a hair dryer on the cool setting. If your pipes freeze in the dead of winter, a hair dryer can defrost them. Use a hair dryer to get wrinkles out of plastic tablecloths or shower curtains.
If you don’t have (or use) a microwave, use a hair dryer to heat ice cream up enough for easy scooping. Use a hair dryer to keep a hot compress, well, hot! That way you don’t have to constantly walk back and forth to the microwave. You can use a spray bottle to keep the compress moist. This trick almost seems too good to be true, but apparently you can use a hair dryer to remove dents in your car! This video shows you how. Loosen tight screws with a blast of hot air. Get wrinkles out of clothing by spraying them lightly with water. Then blow them dry them with a hair dryer. Dry the inside of wet shoes and boots with a hair dryer on low so they don’t get mildewy or stinky.
Avoid drying the outsides of shoes or drying them too quickly. Leather and suede can start to crack when heated too quickly. You can also shrink your shoes! Dust off your computer and keyboard with a hair dryer set on cool. Use a hair dryer to thaw frozen windows, car doors, door locks, engine parts, etc.
Use a hair dryer to soften butter for baking. You can shrink wrap a plastic bag or plastic wrap around a bowl or other object with hot hair from a hair dryer set on high. Quickly dry your manicure or pedicure with a hair dryer on low. Dry damp wood for a fire with a hot hair dryer. You can also use a hair dryer to generate a draft by heating up a cold chimney.
A hair dryer can also help you start a fire or coals for barbecuing. If your fire or barbecue is close to an outlet, use warm air from a hair dryer to get flames going. Use a hair dryer on the cool setting to blow a bit of baking soda into a cast to soothe itchy skin. Coil a too-long cord with a hair dryer.  Use a hair dryer to speed up the drying process on small painting jobs. Hair dryers are also great for drying multiple layers of spackle. If you don’t have an air pump, use a hair dryer to blow up an air mattress. The warm air will make the mattress nice and cozy! A hair dryer can help to quickly defrost a freezer or automatic ice maker when it gets jammed.  Use a hair dryer to remove a an old photo from a photo album. Blast the back of album pages with a bit of warm air to loosen sticky pages.

Mosquito Repellent – The Most Effective Way For Personal Protection

We all hate mosquitoes, this tiny little creature give many of us sleep less night. They are found across the world and are more dangerous in African continent. A female mosquito feeds on the blood of human and animals to acquire vital proteins that is essential for the development of her eggs. When a female mosquito bites us, her saliva is released into our blood. This saliva cause allergy reaction and hence we feel itchy where mosquito has bitten. Mosquitoes also carries many harmful diseases like Malaria, West Nile virus, dengue and many more dreadful disease. Malaria alone cause thousands of death around the world.

Controlling Mosquito Population

Mosquitoes are mostly active during night or at twilight hours, but the mosquitoes that breed in our houses can be active during both day and night. To control the population of mosquitoes around our home or offices, following measures should be taken.

  • Controlling the breeding sites of mosquitoes: In order to effectively control the population of mosquitoes, it is essential that we destroy the breeding areas where mosquitoes lay eggs. The breeding areas include
    drainage holes, structures and containers that may trap water (barrels, old tires). Any area that can hold water should be properly clean. Clogged drainage ditches along roads can become productive mosquito­ breeding sites. Storm
    sewer catch basins are yet another common breeding site.
  • Flush out the water in birdbaths at least every five days.
  • For personal protection against the mosquitoes, use mosquito repellent. They are quiet effective and does not have harmful effects on our body. Mosquito repellent with DEET are the most effective repellent. You can check out some of the best mosquito repellent here. There are also some plant based repellent such as citronella, they are also good.
  • Special equipment is needed to apply pesticides to kill adult mosquitoes. Small droplets are produced that drift through the air and contact adult mosquitoes to kill them

Mosquito repellent tree

The neem tee, above all, is kept free of insects. You only have a limited effect on the environment. However, a large tree, planted in a small yard, make a difference in the total number of insects present. Depends on what you want to achieve. A tree in the garden will make little difference in their crops being eaten.

Read more

Why Sandwiches Are So Popular

Sandwiches are popular all over the world as they can be made quickly and easily. People prefer sandwiches in breakfast or as snacks in evening. The sheer variety of sandwiches make them popular across the world. Sandwiches in breakfast are liked by officer goers, kids and even grandparents. And they are not a modern recipe, but are prepared since centuries. The first sandwich was said to be made by Hillel the Elder, who lived during the 1st century B.C. Though those sandwiches are not like what we have today, but the basic preparation method were same. He started the Passover custom of sandwiching a mixture of chopped nuts, apples, spices, and wine between two matzohs to eat with bitter herbs.

How To Make Sandwiches

Sandwiches are not difficult to prepare, if you know some tips and have the right tools. For example sandwiches can be made real quickly from a quality sandwich maker. There are many types of sandwich maker on the market, but I prefer Hamilton beach breakfast sandwich maker. You just need to preheat the machine and then place the bottom of your sandwich first. That can be just about anything that’s 4″ around. So I would include muffins, bagels and even little frozen pancakes! Next you add any precooked meats, veggies or cheese.

Before we learn how to make a sandwich, let us know what exactly are sandwiches. A sandwich is basically a roll or in some case 2 slices of bread with some delicious filling in between them. This may sound simple, but you can turn this simple looking sandwiches into something really special and exciting depending on the type of bread you choose, the spread you put on it, and the food you fill it with.

What Type of bread you should use: Loaf bread or Pullman is the most commonly used bread for sandwiches. You can pick from naan bread, ciabatta, focaccia, bagels, pitta breads, baguettes, seeded breads, fruit breads, crusty rolls and many more. The long, rectangular loaves provide slices from 3/8 inch to 5/8 inch thick. A fine textured, firm bread works well. You can also use quick breads which are easily available on the market. These breads can be used for a sweeter tasting sandwich. Cream cheese and fruit are good fillings for sandwiches made from quick breads. Some example of quick breads include Banana bread, Zucchini bread and carrot bread.

Sandwich Fillings or Spread: One of the most important things to remember when you make a sandwich is to spread a thin layer of something soft and a little oily over each slice of bread before adding your filling. If you love this chunky vegetable pickle, make it at home with cauliflower, beans, courgettes and onions with our homemade piccalilli recipe.

Offer school-baked bread, replacing most of the white flour with whole wheat flour. Begin slowly by replacing 1/3 of the white flour with whole wheat flour and gradually increasing until the whole wheat part is greater than 50 percent. The white beans add good-for-you fiber and make this lunch more filling than your average veggie sandwich. More leavening ingredients and liquids may be required as percentage of whole-grain flour increases.

Tips to Prepare Your Skin For Wedding

Your wedding dress is approaching. You have the dress, the venue, the caterer, but what everyone cares about most is the blushing, radiate bride! In order to feel and look your very best, you need to start caring for and prepping your wedding day skin. Here are 5 ways to prepare your skin for your wedding.

  1. Make sure you give yourself at least 3 weeks, preferably 6 weeks to reap the benefits of any internal or external changes you are making to your regimen to improve your skin and complexion. Our skin regenerates each month, and it takes about three months from skin on the bottom to turn over and rise to the top. Taking an internal supplement like Omega-3 fish oils or Hyaluronic Acid can make a huge difference. Omega-3 supplements eliminated dehydration and reduce inflammation considerably. Hyaluronic Acid also have anti-inflammatory properties as well as anti-aging properties that help reduce the appearance of wrinkles and prevent new ones from forming for youthful, fresh skin on your wedding day.
  2. Be sure to reduce exposure to direct sunlight. While it may seem fun to lay out in the sun, or enhance a tan in a tanning booth, these practices are truly deadly for your skin. Not only are they bad for you, but if you are out in the sun without sunscreen, you risk developing a burn or horrible tan lines that will look awful paired with your wedding gown. Be conscious of this anytime you are outdoors and dress appropriately. If you want a sun kissed glow, choose a sunless tanner or bronzer instead. This is safer and will still give you the look you are searching for.
  3. Change your daily diet. What you eat can have a direct, lasting impact on your skin’s condition and glow. First, try cutting out foods that are known to have inflammatory impacts. Theses foods include things like peanuts, strawberries and spicy foods. In addition, 2 days before your wedding day you should work on cutting out salt and sugar as much as possible. These ingredients cause the skin to retain water, making you look more bloated.
  4. Avoid new products before your wedding. Often brides want to try the latest greatest new product, but this is a risk. You don’t know how your own skin will react to the product, and you could jeopardize your skin and even face an allergenic reaction or irritation. What you should be eating is lean proteins. These include weigh protein powder for shakes, chicken, eggs, fish, nuts,and more. Limit red meat to once a week In addition to protein, fish and nuts also contain Omega-3s for double the skin enhancing benefits!
  5. Finally, you can improve your skin on the day of for minor issues. If you have bags under your eyes, you can help reduce inflammation and puffins with green tea bags or with cucumbers gently laid over the eyes for a few minutes. A cold compress will work as well! Also, be sure to drink lots of water throughout the day to stay hydrated. For every caffeinated or alcoholic beverage you drink, you should also have a glass of water to balance your body.

These wedding skin prep tips gel you to improve your skin well in advance as well as on the day of your vows! You can look into more skin enhancement options such as hair removal. Be sure to start your skin prep at least 3-6 weeks in advance for the best, longest lasting results to attain the glowing, radiant skin you desire.

Understanding Induction Cooktops – Pros and Cons

An induction cooktop can save you both time and money in the long run, because they are more efficient than any other cooking technology. They also use up to forty percent less energy than stove top and about thirty percent less energy than cast iron or electric cooktops. Induction cooktops work only with cookware made from ferrous materials. Baking, roasting, stewing, frying, grilling, smoking, boiling, steaming and braising have been the mainstays in technique for millennia, boiling and roasting predominating. Anyone with a significant investment in aluminum, glass, ceramic or non-magnetic stainless steel cookware will need to be aware that these types of cookware will not work on an induction cooktop and should include the cost purchasing new cookware when evaluating the cost of the induction cooktop.

Any professional chef will tell you that gas heat is the only good way to cook. That is because there is no energy inertia and the energy is delivered immediately and when shutoff, ceases immediately. However, most popular cooking utensils used on conventional cooktops will work with induction cooktops, so many people will be able to use their existing cookware. Do you have the space and the ability to do host family parties? If not, adding an induction cooktop might be the answer. Here is some of the benefits of induction cooktop.

Benefits of Induction cooktop

The most important benefit of induction cooktops—given that they are as or more “powerful” at heating as any other sort—is that you can adjust the cooking heat instantly and with great precision. Standing at an induction range, even great cooks must rethink their basic moves. In addition, standard induction elements work only with flat-bottomed pots and pans and are therefore not suitable for use with traditional round-bottomed woks. With the ability to cook faster, you can prepare better meals in less time. This is a huge advantage and many people become hooked once they discover how to properly use their cooktop.

Induction cooking is one which is not often discussed and very few people really understand what it even means. However, it is an alternative and an interesting one. With a one or two burner induction cooktop, you will gain more space to cook in your kitchen. This allows you to cook for larger groups or prepare more courses. It is an easy way to add a few extra burners or just one extra burner to your kitchen. Although cooking accounts for only a small amount of energy consumption in a home, induction cooktops are marketed as much more energy efficient than gas or electric because they cook food faster and lose less heat in the process.

Safety is one of the most important when it comes to cooking. This is even more important if you have children around. The induction cooktop stays cool: that means no burned fingers or hands, for you or—especially—for any small children in the household. When you take the pan off the burner, the unit will automatically switch off, and in most cases you can touch the burner seconds afterwards without burning yourself. With no grates or grease catch to worry about, clean up is a breeze. Just use a damp cloth and wipe over the flat, easy-to-clean surface.

How Induction Cooking Works

The element’s electronics power a coil that produces a high-frequency electromagnetic field. The field penetrates the metal of the ferrous (magnetic-material) cooking vessel and sets up a circulating electric current, which generates heat. The induction cooktop has a powerful high frequency electromagnetic radiations, with this radiation generated by some complex electronics in the element under the cooktop surface. When a good sized piece of magnetic material such as induction cookware or cast iron skillet is placed in this generated magnetic field, the electro magnetism transfers heat energy in to the cooking metal. That transferred heat causes the cooking vessel to become hot. By controlling the intensity of the electromagnetic field, we can easily control the amount of heat being generated in the cooking utensil.

Induction cooking functions based on the principle of the series L-C resonant circuit, where the inductance L is the cooking element itself. By changing the switching frequency of the high voltage half-bridge driver, the alternating current flowing through the cooking element changes its value. The intensity of the magnetic field and therefore the heating energy can be controlled this way.

Drawbacks of Induction Cooktops

The most obvious drawback to induction is, it only works with cooking vessels made of magnetic materials. The commonest such materials used for cooking vessels are stainless steel and cast iron. You also have to consider how much quicker you can cook any type of dish, no matter how complicated. Add to that the savings you can make on your energy bills, and the chances are your initial outlay will pay for itself. You must make sure you’re careful when looking at the wattage any induction cooktop offers you.

Depending on the number of hobs incorporated into an induction cooktop, electric service to the appliance may need to be increased. Typically, a single hob induction cooktop will require about 208/240 single phase power and draw 3.5 kilowatts and require about 15 ampere current. With the number of hobs detemining the overall required power configuration.

Best Induction Cooktops of 2016

Here are the list of some of the best induction cooktops on the market.

Gourmia GIC100 Multifunction Portable 1800 Watt Induction Cooker Cooktop
indcution cooktop 2016
This 1,800W Gourmia Induction Cooker Burner offers performance, safety and efficiency in an attractive finishing. This Electric Induction Cooktop heats as electricity flows through a coil to produce a magnetic field under the ceramic plate. Boil, simmer, deep-fry, stir-fry, saute, steam and sear, slow cook, barbecue, melt and grill, and much more!. The unit measures 11 inches wide, so a 12 inch pan will protrude a small amount over the edges. You would like to make sure that the pan only touches the black cook-top surface. The hot pan should not touch the white plastic, LED display, or the control buttons.

This induction cooktop is really nice looking, Works well but does have a couple of flaws. First is temp control jumps 50 degrees, 40 and 30 at a time, problem with that is induction cooktop advantage is that you are supposed to be able control precise temperatures for recipes. This induction cooker has no open flame that close out the risk of fire. It also has automatic shut off when it set the timer to 180 minutes. It has overheat detector. This induction cooker strongly made that can be use for a long period of time.

DUXTOP 1800-Watt Portable Induction Cooktop Countertop Burner
induction cooktop in India
Duxtop Induction Cooktop uses 120 volts, 15 amps of electricity – standard in all homes; Lightweight and compact for easy handling and storage. The energy produced by the Duxtop is directly supplied to the cooking vessel by a magnetic field. Duxtop detects the size of the cookware base and automatically adjust so that very little energy is wasted. There is a learning curve associated with any new appliance. Try 1300 degrees and if you think it is not high enough turn up the temp until you get the result you need.

The heat is so hot that I ruined a wok with a non-stick coating and had to go for the old-fashioned, steel kind instead. I like that! You’d think that would have turned me off of induction cooking, but just the reverse. Stir fry is SUPPOSED to be hot and quick (that’s how you get cooked through veggies that maintain their color). Suffice it to say, we’re sold and yes, we’re keeping this baby. Next purchase will be a set of induction-ready cookware. Like some others have done, it would be a snap to put it outside to boil corn in the summer when you don’t want all that steamy heat in the kitchen.

Inducto A79 Professional Portable Induction Cooktop Counter

top induction cooktop

The Inducto Cooktop remains cool to the touch where the magnetic surface is not activated. The Inducto Cooktops uses much less energy than conventional gas or electric range. 1500 watts at the highest temperature setting (Sear) is all you need to enjoy portable, precise induction cooking. You can use any cookware at any size on this induction cooktop as long as it is Induction Compatible. Examples of compatible cookware: Enameled iron and steel, Stainless steel with a magnetic base, Cast iron, Standard pots and pans that are designed with an induction bottom.

However, the controls are annoying- they remind me of the controls on a low-end microwave. You have to toggle through modes with the function button, and does not have a go low enough for slow cooking or keeping warm. You have to have stainless steel, because it will not work with aluminum. I have only used this for boiling water, but it boils it fast and keeps it hot for as long as I need. I like the wide base. Large enough for my biggest stock pot. Lightweight and flat so it is easy to store.

WiFi Router – A Basic Guide For Your Home Network

Wireless router or more commonly known as WiFi router is an electronic device that perform the function of a wired router without use of any wire. They can also be used as wireless access point. Many home users use WiFi router to provide access to the Internet. There are commonly 2 types of WiFi router, one with built in modems and other is external. If you have an internet connection through a phone line, you will require a router with an ADSL modem. Computers or smartphones can be connected to the router either with an Ethernet cable or without wires. Wired broadband routers are now rarely used, they have become the thing of the past. Now most modern broadband packages come with the capability to connect to the internet via a wireless router.

What is a Router

A router is a device that allows you to distribute the internet connection in your house or office to a number of different devices like computers, laptops, smartphones and tablets. If you have an internet connection via a telephone line you will require an ADSL or VSDL routers, for other types of service, the router may be combined with a broadband modem in a single box that your cable net provide supplies to you at the time of providing the new connection.

What is Wireless Router

A wireless router does the work of a router without any use of wires. It determines the next network point to which a data packet should be forwarded toward its destination. A wireless router works in the same way as the local area network (LAN), but allows greater mobility for laptops or desktop computers. The individual computers are equipped with small wireless transceivers that can be plugged into either a Universal Serial Bus (USB) port or a PC card slot. As WiFi technology evolves at an much higher pace than expected, Operators must understand available WiFi standards in order to make the best business decisions when purchasing and deploying new wireless gateways.

Network Standards in Wireless Router

The current technology used to support wireless networks is struggling to cope with the ever-growing numbers of bandwidth hungry Wi-Fi devices we want to connect, both in the home and business. These days it makes sense to buy an 802.11ac router (as opposed to 802.11n) because in future devices will support this standard. You will save money, though, if you go for an older 802.11n model. We want more from our wireless networks and something better is urgently required, prompting the development of a new IEEE wireless networking standard called 802.11ac, the main aim being to boost wireless bandwidth from the 300-450Mbps available using current 802.11n technology to 1.3Gbps and beyond.

When looking for a WiFi router, you should first check which network standard it is using. Check the label whether it’s “b,” “g,” or “n.” The letters refer to the wireless communication standard on which your wireless router is based: 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11n. Variously referred to as Gigabit Wi-Fi or Wireless AC, the new standard sees a
move away from the 2.4GHz radio spectrum favoured for most current wireless technologies, to 5GHz where there is less interference plus a lot more space for the extra channels need to deliver the promised bandwidth hike.The first generation of wireless routers was “b,” followed by “g,” and now “n”—the newest generation. The primary difference among the router standards is speed and range.


Originally described as clause 17 of the 1999 specification, the OFDM waveform at 5.8GHz is now defined in clause 18 of the 2012 specification and provides protocols that allow transmission and reception of data at rates of 1.5 to 54Mbps. It has seen widespread worldwide implementation, particularly within the corporate workspace. While the original amendment is no longer valid, the term “802.11a” is still used by wireless access point (cards and routers) manufactures to describe interoperability of their systems at 5.8 GHz, 54Mbps.


The 802.11n standard can increase your wireless network’s performance, reliability, and predictability. Once Wi-Fi standards including 802.11a, 802.11b, and 802.11g were established, work commenced on looking at how the raw data speeds provided by Wi-Fi, 802.11 networks could be increased still further. Medium Access Control Layer (MAC) so that modes of operation can be enabled that are capable of much higher throughputs, with a maximum throughput of at least 100Mb/s, as measured at the MAC data service access point (SAP). The result was that in January 2004, the IEEE announced that it had formed a new committee to develop the new high speed, IEEE 802.11 n standard. With 802.11n technology, organizations can gain unprecedented reliability and an increase in throughput than with the current 802.11a/b/g networks. 802.11n technology can provide mobile users with a reliable wireless network that supports a broad range of mobility applications without compromising total network performance.


802.11ac, dubbed 5G Wi-Fi, promises ridiculously fast wireless connections, better range, improved reliability, improved power consumption and a free horse. 802.11ac, the emerging standard from the IEEE, is like the movie The Godfather Part II. It takes something great and makes it even better. 802.11ac is a faster and more scalable version of 802.11n. It couples the freedom of wireless with the capabilities of Gigabit Ethernet. 802.11ac works exclusively in the 5GHz band, uses a ton of bandwidth (80 or 160MHz), operates in up to eight spatial streams (MIMO), and employs a kind of technology called beamforming. The design constraints and economics that kept 802.11n products at one, two, or three spatial streams haven’t changed much for 802.11ac, so we can expect the same kind of product availability, with first-wave 802.11ac products built around 80 MHz and delivering up to 433 Mbps (low end), 867 Mbps (mid-tier), or 1300 Mbps (high end) at the physical layer.

Dual-band for compatibility

Another lesson learned has been the release of fewer draft standards, leading to barely a trickle of pre-standard products, mostly from respected vendors like D-Link closely involved in the ratification process. Moreover, pre-standard products have been dual-band implementations employing mature and proven Wireless N technology to provide for interoperability and backwards compatibility with existing Wi-Fi networks.

The dual-band approach removes the risk of buying Wireless AC products and finding that they won’t work with
current wireless notebooks, tablets or smartphones. The specification might change prior to final ratification, but
the draft specification to which D-Link and other vendors are working is more or less complete and any changes
required can be handled by firmware updates

Wireless Router Security

Even with the best door locks and the strongest possible doors, if one member from your internal fail to opertae them correctly or does not follow the recommended precautions set up by the company, those door lcoks might be no better than poor quality locks or say no locks. This same principle applies to your wireless network also. All you network components and in particular you WiFi router, which is the first gateway between your network, users and the Internet.

Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) is a security protocol, specified in the IEEE Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi) standard, 802.11b, that is designed to provide a wireless local area network (WLAN). WEP is designed to provide the same level of security as that of a wired network. Recent reports indicate that the use of WEP alone is insufficient to ensure privacy unless used in conjunction with other mechanisms for data encryption. Besides supercharging your router with extra features, open-source router firmware DD-WRT and Tomato are likely more secure than the stock firmware that comes with your router. DD-WRT and Tomato tend not to be as susceptible to vulnerabilities found in many routers, such as the ever-popular issue with WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup).

Password encryption should be well-known to anyone with a wireless router. Never leave your router open without a password, and there are very few reasons for the average home and small business user to not encrypt wireless signal with WPA2 security. WPA2 Encryption is the most secure method for keeping intruders off your network. If you have older devices that will not support WPA2, WEP is encouraged. If you are unsure how to setup encryption, MAC filtering is least secure, but easiest to setup.

Modern Technology – Impact on Youth

We all know, how modern technology has changed today’s world. Today’s technology has touched every industry and household in the world. Our household items have not only changed esthetically but their functionalities have gone to new levels as well. The technology that is shaping our future and our kid’s is not, as many assume, the computer.
These machines have been with us for decades and now, with their advanced multimedia capability, they deserve considerable credit for enhancing learning among people of all ages.Talk about healthcare, tourism, education, retail, hospitality etc. industry and all of them have seen great changes in the recent years with the arrival of new technological items in the world. If you look at the functions that new POS systems serve in retail stores you would be surprised how much they can do. Gone are the days when they only used to do the calculations of the purchases.

While computers are now an important part of the lives of human beings, there was a time where computers did not exist. Knowing the history of computers and how much progression has been made can help you understand just how complicated and innovative the creation of computers really is. Unlike most devices, the computer is one of the few inventions that does not have one specific inventor. Throughout the development of the computer, many people have added their creations to the list required to make a computer work. Some of the inventions have been different types of computers, and some of them were parts required to allow computers to be developed further.


A smartphone by definition is a mini computer that can be used to make calls, receive and send text messages and emails, and to browse the internet. Additional features are downloading software applications from the internet, which can be used for a multitude of services like photography, creating spreadsheets or other such official documents, to broadcast audiovisual files and so on. A small business owner can literally perform all office correspondence by the simple touch of a button on his or her smart phone. Modern technology has experienced vast expansion in recent years , leading to its extensive use by people from all generations. For a generation of young people, technology has assumed a substantial stake in their social and educational lives.

Read more

How Modern Computer Works – A Simple Guide With Examples

A modern computer looks like a complicated device. It is made up of many components connected with what seems to be miles of interlocking wires. Despite this seeming complexity, however, just like a calculator, a computer handles information in three stages: input, processing, and output. Each piece of hardware can be classified in one (and sometimes two) of the three stages.


Although processing is the second stage of computing, we’ll start here because these components are the heart of the computer. Computers were initially designed for the business environment; they were intended as tools to do the tedious work of “number crunching” and storing large amounts of often-redundant data. Today they not only fulfill an ever-expanding business role, but also fill our lives with education, entertainment, organization, information processing, and occasionally, frustration. As we enter a new century, they have become a necessity of life and are taken for granted in most households & businesses. Even if you do not own or use a computer, microprocessors run most of our mechanical and electronic devices, including cars.


The ability to process data is an incredible and amazing thing; however, if the data cannot find its way into the processor, nothing will happen. The first stage of computing is input. Input refers to any means that moves data (information) from the outside world into the processor.


All the input and processing in the world won’t do us any good unless we can get the information back (after being processed) so that we may put it to use. The third stage of computing is “output.”

Input, Output and Processing

Whenever you sit down at a computer and run an application, whether it is a game, a spreadsheet, a database, an accounting program or a word processor, you are an active part of the input, processing and output operation of that computer. Here are some examples.

Accounting Program

Input – data entry, order entry, accounts receivable, etc.
Processing – calculating commissions, payroll, etc.
Output – writing checks, summary reports, invoices, etc.

Word Processor

Input – words you type.
Processing – formatting the text (word wrap, fonts, etc.).
Output – storing a file.


Input – typing information into a database form.
Processing – indexing and storing the database records.
Output – reports showing selected database records.

Language of the Computer

Communication is the act of giving, transmitting, or exchanging information. A key element in developing a device such as a computer is establishing a method of communication, both internally (for the transfer of information between hardware components) and externally (with the outside world). An understanding of this process is fundamental to understanding how computers work.

Humans primarily communicate through words, both spoken and written. This system works well as long as all participants are in the local area (within hearing or seeing distance). But what happens when we want to communicate over long distances? In ancient times, and up until about a century ago, we would send a messenger with either verbal or written messages. This served its purpose, although it was often slow and sometimes the message (or the messenger) got lost in the translation. As time and technology progressed, people developed machines to communicate. Before the Industrial Age, items like lanterns were used to send messages over long distances (remember “One if by land two if by sea?”). Early Native Americans used smoke signals—armies of yesteryear used flags and mirrors to send signals from one location to another. Over the years, devices were created to signal or send messages over increasingly greater distances.